Emerging research shows that physical exercise changes the composition of microbiota in the gut. A new study focuses on the effects of endurance exercise on these bacteria.

Two studies published at the end of last year showed that exercise alone, without any dietary changes, is enough to change the composition of gut bacteria.

The experiments, conducted both in mice and humans, found that exercise can boost the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that reduce inflammation and keep the gut healthy.

Now, a new study zooms in on the specific effects of endurance exercise training on the composition of gut microbiota.

The first author of the paper is Eveliina Munukka of the Institute of Biomedicine at the University of Turku in Finland. She and her colleagues published their findings in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.

Satu Pekkala, an Academy of Finland research fellow affiliated with the Faculty of Sport and Health Sciences of the University of Jyväskylä, also in Finland, is the corresponding author of the study.

How endurance exercise affects gut bacteria

Munukka and colleagues created a 6-week program of bicycle endurance training, which involved three sessions per week.

The researchers enrolled 17 women who were overweight in the program. The participants had been sedentary before the study but were otherwise healthy.

The intensity of the endurance training was controlled by checking the participants’ heart rate. The women did not change anything else about their lifestyle or diet throughout the study so that the effects of exercise alone would become evident.

source: medicalnewstoday.com